This relationships of this family within the Passeriformes are currently uncertain; indeed it may be so distinct as to be a sister-group to the remainder of the Passeriformes (Ericson et al 2002).

Acanthisitta chloris Rifleman
A. c. granti Res NZ (NI, Gr Barrier I, L Barrier I).
A. c. chloris Res NZ (SI, Stewart I).
Xenicus longipes New Zealand Bush Wren
X. l. stokesii Extinct. Formerly res NZ (NI).
X. l. longipes Extinct. Formerly res NZ (SI).
X. l. variabilis Extinct. Formerly res NZ (Stewart I, S Cape I).
X. gilviventris New Zealand Rock Wren
Res NZ (SI).
Traversia lyalli Lyall's Wren
Extinct. Formerly res NZ (NI,SI; historical Stephen's Island population was relict, Worthy and Holdaway 2002).


Pitta anerythra Black-faced Pitta
P. a. anerythra Res Solomon Is (Santa Isabel).
F: rare Garanga R, Kratter et al 2001; 1 at 3 sites Tirotongna, Hornbuckle.
P. a. pallida Res Solomon Is (Bougainville).
P. a. nigrifrons Res Solomon Is (Choiseul).


Cinclodes oustaleti Grey-flanked Cinclodes
C. o. baeckstroemii Res Juan Fernandez Is.
Aphrastura masafuerae Mas Afuera Rayadito
Res Juan Fernandez Is (Mas Afuera).


Nesotriccus ridgwayi Cocos Island Flycatcher
Res Cocos I.
Anairetes fernandezianus Juan Fernandez Tit-Tyrant
Res Juan Fernandez Is (Mas Atierra).
Contopus virens Eastern Wood-Pewee
Acc Clipperton I.
Empidonax sp? "Empidonax" Flycatcher
Acc Clipperton I.
Sayornis saya Say's Phoebe
Although Sayornis is masculine, saya is invariable (David and Gosselin 2002b).
S. s. subsp? Vis Oct-Apr Guadelupe I.
Pyrocephalus rubinus Vermilion Flycatcher
P. r. nanus Res Galapagos Is (except San Cristobal, Culpepper, Baltra, Genovesa, Wenman); extirp Rabida, Santa Fe.
F: Isabela: 5, Chartier 1999.
P. r. dubius Res Galapagos Is (San Cristobal).
Myiarchus magnirostris Galapagos Flycatcher
Res Galapagos Is (except Genovesa, Culpepper, Wenman).
F: 9 total on Santiago, Isabela, Floreana, San Cristobal, Santa Cruz, Chartier 1999.
Tyrannus tyrannus Eastern Kingbird
Acc Galapagos Is (Genovesa).


Stresemannia bougainvillei Bougainville Honeyeater
Res Solomon Is (Bougainville).
F: shy, found 700-1950m, Hadden 1981.
Lichmera incana Silver-eared (=Dark-Brown) Honeyeater
L. i. incana Res New Caledonia.
F: common, Quested.
L. i. poliotis Res Solomon Is (Loyalty Is except Mare).
F: common Lifou, Quested.
L. i. mareensis Res Solomon Is (Loyalty Is: Mare).
L. i. griseoviridis Res Vanuatu (Efate n to Ambrym and Malakula).
L. i. flavotincta Res Vanuatu (Erromango).
Myzomela caledonica New Caledonia Honeyeater
Res New Caledonia incl Isle of Pines.
F: 2-4 daily PTRB, 4 Mt Koghi, Fairbank.
M. cardinalis Cardinal Honeyeater
Mayr and Diamond (2001) consider sanfordi and pulcherrima quite distinct.
M. c. sanfordi Res Solomon Is (Rennell).
F: common, Richards.
M. c. pulcherrima Res Solomon Is (Makira, Ugi, Three Sisters).
F: Makira: common Kirakira, Richards.
M. c. tucopiae Res Solomon Is (Santa Cruz Is: Tikopia).
M. c. sanctaecrucis Res Solomon Is (Santa Cruz Is except Tikopia), Vanuatu (Torres Is).
M. c. cardinalis Res Vanuatu (Aneityum, Tanna, Erromango).
M. c. tenuis Res Vanuatu (from Efate n, incl Banks Is).
M. c. lifouensis Res New Caledonia (Loyalty Is).
F: Lifou: 10+, Clarke; quite common Drehu, 10 on Dec 12, Gregory.
M. c. nigriventris Res Samoa (Savaii, Upolu, Tutuila).
F: Upolu: Mt Vaea, Vaisigano, Lonsdale; Tutuila: seen, Lonsdale 1996; Savaii: abundant, Reed 1979.
M. chermesina Rotuma Honeyeater
Res Fiji (Rotuma).
M. rubratra Micronesian Honeyeater
M. r. kobayashii Res Palau.
F: Angaur, Peleliu: seen, de Vries 1995; common, Engbring 1988.
M. r. kurodai Res Caroline Is (Yap).
F: common, S. Smith, Talbot.
M. r. saffordi Res Mariana Is (Guam, Saipan, Rota, Tinian).
F: Saipan, Rota, Tinian: common, Talbot, S. Smith.
M. r. asuncionis Res n Mariana Is.
M. r. major Res Caroline Is (Truk).
F: common, S. Smith, Talbot.
M. r. dichromata Res Caroline Is (Pohnpei).
F: abundant, Lonsdale 1999.
M. r. rubratra Res Caroline Is (Kosrae).
M. lafargei Scarlet-naped Honeyeater
Res Solomon Is (Buka, Bougainville, Shortland Is, Fauro, Choiseul, Santa Isabel).
F: Santa Isabel: rare-common Garanga R, Kratter et al 2001; 3 or 4 brief sightings of singles near Tirotongna, Hornbuckle 1999. Buka: 2, Gregory.
M. melanocephala Black-headed Honeyeater
Res Solomon Is (Florida, Savo, Guadalcanal).
F: Guadalcanal: 15 Mt Austen, Richards 1996.
M. eichhorni Yellow-vented Honeyeater
M. e. eichhorni Res Solomon Is (Ghizo, Kolombangara, Wana Wana, Kohingga, New Georgia, Vangunu, Rendova, Tetepare).
F: Ghizo: 2 near Gizo, Richards; Kolombangara: common upper Mt Veve, Richards 1996.
M. e. ganongae Res Solomon Is (Ganonga).
M. e. atrata Res Solomon Is (Vella Lavella, Bagga).
F: Vella Lavella: common, Hornbuckle 1999.
M. malaitae Malaita Honeyeater
Res Solomon Is (Malaita).
F: 2 males and 2 females at 450m Mt Alsaan, Hornbuckle 1999.
M. tristrami Tristram's Honeyeater
M. c. pulcherrima occurs on Ugi; M. cardinalis may be a recent invader of Makira, where it has hybridized with M. tristrami (Mayr and Diamond 2001).
Res Solomon Is (Makira, Santa Ana, Santa Catalina), cas Solomon Is (Ugi).
F: Makira: common, Richards 1996.
M. jugularis Orange-breasted Honeyeater
Res Fiji except Rotuma.
F: common all areas, Sargeant 1992.
Guadalcanaria inexpectata Guadalcanal Honeyeater
Res Solomon Is (Guadalcanal).
Foulehaio carunculatus Wattled Honeyeater
David and Gosselin (2002b) established that Foulehaio is masculine.
F. c. carunculatus Res Fiji (Lau Arch), Samoa, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna (Uvea, Futuna, Alofi).
F: Samoa (Upolu: Mt Vaea, Vaisigano, Lonsdale; Tutuila: seen, Lonsdale; Savaii: abundant, Reed 1979.
F. c. taviunensis Res Fiji (Taveuni, Vanua Levu and nearby islands).
F: Taveuni: common, Myers 1996.
F. c. procerior Res Fiji (Viti Levu, Yasawa Group, Ovalau, Beqa, Vatulele), Fiji (acc Kadavu).
F: Viti LevU: common, Myers 1996; Kadavu: common, Clarke 2000.
Xanthotis provocator Kadavu Honeyeater
Res Fiji (Kadavu).
F: in gardens but not forest Vunisea, Lonsdale; common, Myers 1996.
Apalopteron familiare Bonin Islands Honeyeater
A. f. familiare Extinct. Res Ogasawara Is (Mukoshima, Nakodojima).
A. f. hahasima Res Ogasawara Is (Chichijima, Hahajima, Mukojima, Hirashima, Anejima, Imotojima, Meijima).
Notiomystis cincta Stitchbird (Hihi)
Res NZ (Little Barrier I several thousand inds). Extirp NZ (NI). Reint NZ (small managed pops, Tiritiri Matangi I 110+, Hen I, Cuvier I, Kapiti I, Mokoia I in Lake Rotorua.
Philemon diemenensis New Caledonia Friarbird
Res New Caledonia incl Loyalty Is (Mare, Lifou).
F: Grande Terre: 4-21 daily PTRB, 1 Mt Koghi, 3 Yate-Goro road, Fairbank 1998.
P. corniculatus Noisy Friarbird
P. c. subsp? Acc Lord Howe I.
Manorina melanocephala Noisy Miner
Int, now extirpated, Solomon Is (Three Sisters; Mayr and Diamond 2001).
Melidectes sclateri Makira Honeyeater
This species was placed in the genus Meliarchus by Mayr and Diamond (2001).
Res Solomon Is (Makira).
F: common Hauta, Richards 1996.
Gymnomyza viridis Giant Forest Honeyeater
G. v. viridis Res Fiji (Taveuni, Vanua Levu).
F: Taveuni: not common, Myers 1996; 2 transmitter road, Sargeant 1992; Des Voeux, Clarke 2000.
G. v. brunneirostris Res Fiji (Viti Levu).
F: "yodelling bands" Joske's Thumb area, common Wailoku, Lonsdale; fairly common, Sargeant 1992; valley 9 km from Nausori village, Clarke.
G. samoensis Mao
Res Samoa (Savaii, Upolu, Tutuila?).
F: Upolu: 2 seen Jun forest near Tiavi Falls, one at highest point on road, Orenstein; in O Le Pupu-pu'e NP, Bellingham and Davis 1988. Savaii: fairly common very tops of peaks Aug, areas of cinder cone, heathland shrub and forest edge, best count 12, all sightings over 760m, Reed 1979; upland and foothill forests, good pop upland, esp in craters around Mt Fito, Bellingham and Davis 1988.
G. aubryana Red-faced (Crow) Honeyeater
Res New Caledonia.
F: PTRB -taped, Roberson; "one of hardest birds to see" 2-3 PTRB, by canoes and Gr Kaori, Clarke; dipped- best early am, need tape and/or Yves Letocart, Gregory.
Moho braccatus Kauai Oo (Ooaa)
Extinct? (Reynolds and Snetsinger, in Scott et al 2001, but see Pyle 2002). Res formerly Hawaiian Is (Kauai).
M. apicalis Oahu Oo
Extinct. Res formerly Hawaiian Is (Oahu).
M. bishopi Bishop's Oo
Extinct (Reynolds and Snetsinger, in Scott et al 2001). Res formerly Hawaiian Is (Molokai, Maui).
M. nobilis Hawaii Oo
Extinct. Res formerly Hawaiian Is (Hawaii).
Chaetoptila augustipluma Kioea
Extinct. Res formerly Hawaiian Is (Hawaii).
Phylidonyris undulatus Barred Honeyeater
David and Gosselin (2002b) established that Phylidonyris is masculine.
Res New Caledonia.
F: 1-4 PTRB, 4 Mt Koghi, Fairbank 1998; easiest car park Mt Koghis, Clarke.
P. notabilis Vanuatu Honeyeater
P. n. notabilis Res Vanuatu (Banks Is: Ureparapara, Vanua Lava, Espiritu Santo, Ambae).
P. n. superciliaris Res Vanuatu (Maewo, Pentecost, Malakula, Ambrym, Paama, Epi).
Anthornis melanura New Zealand Bellbird
The Chatham Is subspecies is sometimes considered a separate species.
A. m. obscura Res NZ (Three Kings Is).
A. m. oneho Res NZ (Poor Knights Is).
A. m. melanura Res NZ (NI, SI, Stewart I), Auckland Is.
A. m. melanocephala Extinct. Res formerly Chatham Is.
Anthochaera carunculata Red Wattlebird
A. c. subsp? Acc NZ (NI).
Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae Tui
The Chatham Is taxon is distinctive (Oliver 1955).
P. n. novaeseelandiae Res Kermadec Is, NZ (NI, SI, Stewart I), Auckland Is. Acc Snares Is.
P. n. chathamensis Res Chatham Is (Pitt, South East; wanders to Mangere, Chatham).


Christidis and Boles included this group of taxa in Pardalotidae, based on their close relationship as revealed by genetic studies.

Gerygone flavolateralis Fan-tailed Gerygone
Mayr and Diamond (2001) consider citrina "the most distinct race of this species".
G. f. flavolateralis Res New Caledonia incl Loyalty Is (Mare).
F: Grand Terre: 4-15 daily PTRB, 8 Mt Koghi, Fairbank).
G. f. lifouensis Res New Caledonia (Loyalty Is: Lifou.
F: common, Quested.
G. f. rouxi Res New Caledonia (Loyalty Is: Ouvea).
G. f. correiae Res Solomon Is (Banks Is), Vanuatu (except Efate, Erromango, Tanna, Aneityum).
G. f. citrina Res Solomon Is (Rennell).
F: common, Richards.
G. insularis Lord Howe Island Gerygone
Extinct. Formerly res Lord Howe I.
G. modesta Norfolk Island Gerygone
Res Norfolk I 3000 inds.
F: very common, Duranti.
G. igata Grey Gerygone
Res NZ (NI, SI, Stewart I). Cas Snares Is (Miskelly et al 2001).
G. albofrontata Chatham Islands Gerygone
Res Chatham Is.


Christidis and Boles (1994) note that Petroicidae has priority over Eopsaltridae.

Petroica multicolor Pacific Robin
P. m. septentrionalis Res Solomon Is (Bougainville).
F: common 1200-1950m, Hadden 1981.
P. m. kulambangrae Res Solomon Is (Kolombangara).
F: 2 near summit Mt Veve, Richards.
P. m. polymorpha Res Solomon Is (Makira).
F: 2 above Hauta, Richards.
P. m. dennisi Res Solomon Is (Guadalcanal, Mayr and Diamond 2001).
P. m. ambrynensis Res Vanuatu (except Emae, Nguna, Emau, Efate, Erromango, Tanna, Aneityum).
P. m. feminina Res Vanuatu (Efate, Emae, Nguna, Emau).
P. m. soror Res Solomon Is (Banks Is).
P. m. cognata Res Vanuatu (Erromango).
P. m. similis Res Vanuatu (Tanna, Aneityum).
P. m. kleinschmidti Res Fiji (Viti Levu, Vanua Levu).
F: Viti Levu: common JT and Wailoku, Lonsdale; one at Colo-I-Suva Pk, Myers; 5 Nausori Hglds, Sargeant 1992.
P. m. taveunensis Res Fiji (Taveuni).
F: 5 transmitter rd, Sargeant 1992.
P. m. becki Res Fiji (Kadavu).
F: one seen Vunisea, Clarke.
P. m. pusilla Res Samoa (Savaii, Upolu).
F: Upolu: Mt Vaea, Vaisigano, Lonsdale; Savaii: fairly common high altitude wet forest, Reed 1979.
P. m. multicolor Res Norfolk I.
F: NINP, declined since 1978, Hermes et al; pop 800 at NINP 1987-89 (Notornis 46:363); 8 on Mt Pitt track, Duranti; 1-6 per day, only at NINP, Clarke; 4 found in 3 locations in one week-seriously declining? Dec 2001, Hobcroft.
P. macrocephala New Zealand Tomtit
Holdaway et al (2001) raised most taxa usually considered subspecies to species level, as 4 species: the distinctive Auckland Is and Snares Is Tomtits, M. toitoi White-breasted Tomtit of NI, and SI and Chatham Is birds as subspecies of P. macrocephala Yellow-breasted Tomtit.
P. m. toitoi Res NZ (NI).
P. m. macrocephala Res NZ (SI, Stewart I, Solander I).
P. m. chathamensis Res Chatham Is (Pitt I 500 inds, Mangere I 70-100 inds, South East I 200-300 inds, Little Mangere I <10 inds, Powlesland et al 2001; extirpated Chatham I.
P. m. marrineri Res Auckland Is.
P. m. dannefaerdi Res Snares Is 500+ prs (Miskelly et al 2001).
P. australis New Zealand Robin
Holdaway et al (2001) considered longipes and australis specifically distinct.
P. a. longipes Res NZ (NI).
P. a. australis Res NZ (SI).
P. a. rakiura Res NZ (Stewart I).
P. traversi New Zealand Black Robin
Res Chatham Is (Little Mangere I 259 inds in 1999; extirpated Chatham I, Pitt I. Reint Pitt I 14 inds 2002).
Eopsaltria flaviventris Yellow-bellied Robin
Res New Caledonia.
F: 8-21 daily PTRB, 1 Mt Koghi, Fairbank).


Lanius cristatus Brown Shrike
L. c. subsp? Cas Palau.
L. ludovicianus Loggerhead Shrike
L. l. subsp Acc Guadalupe I.


Vireo griseus White-eyed Vireo
V. g. subsp? Acc Revillagigedo Is (Feb Socorro).
V. olivaceus Red-eyed Vireo
V. o. subsp? Acc Galapagos Is (Wenman).


Mohoua ochrocephala Yellowhead
Res NZ (SI; extirpated Stewart I).
M. albicilla Whitehead
Res NZ (NI; int Tiritiri Matangi I).
M. novaeseelandiae Pipipi
Res NZ (SI, Stewart I).
Pachycephala pectoralis Golden Whistler
Mayr and Diamond (2001) consider the taxa melanoptera, melanonota, sanfordi, and feminina quite distinctive from each other and the other taxa within the species; the group bougainvillei, orioloides, pavuvu, centralis, and cinnamomea also are distinct as a group from the other taxa.
P. p. whitneyi This population is of hybrid origin between P. p. bougainevillei and P. melanura dahli (see below; Mayr and Diamond 2001).
Res Solomon Is (small islets Shortland group, islets near Bougainville, Mayr and Diamond 2001).
P. p. bougainvillei Res Solomon Is (Buka, Bougainville, Shortland Is).
P. p. orioloides Res Solomon Is (Choiseul, Isabel, Florida).
F: Santa Isabel: unc Garanga R, Kratter et al 2001.
P. p. cinnamomea Res Solomon Is (Beagle, Guadalcanal).
F: Guadalcanal: several Mt Austen and track to Tenaroo Falls, Richards.
P. p. pavuvu Res Solomon Is (Russell Grp).
P. p. centralis Res Solomon Is (Kolombangara, Kohingga, New Georgia, Vangunu, Gatukai).
F: Kolombangara: common upper slopes Mt Veve, Richards.
P. p. melanoptera Res Solomon Is (Rendova, Tetepare).
P. p. melanonota Res Solomon Is (Ganonga, Bagga, Vella Lavella).
F: Vella Lavella: a few heard, Hornbuckle.
P. p. sanfordi Res Solomon Is (Malaita).
P. p. feminina Res Solomon Is (Rennell).
F: 1 along road to L Tenggano, Richards; 2 at Kia Koe Lodge, Hornbuckle.
P. p. christophori It has been suggested that this taxon is a hybrid of the group bougainvillei through cinnamomea and Vanuatu birds (Mayr and Diamond 2001).
Res Solomon Is (Santa Ana, Makira).
F: common around Hauta, Richards.
P. p. littayei Res New Caledonia (Isle of Pines, Loyalty Is).
F: Lifou: common, call different from Aust race, Quested; one Lifou, one Ouvea, Clarke; Isle of Pines: no yellow collar, Gregory).
P. p. cucullata Res Vanuatu (Aneityum).
P. p. chlorura Res Vanuatu (Erromango).
P. p. intacta Res Vanuatu except Erromango, Aneityum, incl Banks Is.
P. p. vanikorensis Res Solomon Is (Santa Cruz Is: Vanikoro).
P. p. utupuae Res Solomon Is (Santa Cruz Is: Utupua).
P. p. ornata Res Solomon Is (Santa Cruz Is except Vanikoro, Utupua).
P. p. kandavensis Res Fiji (Kadavu, Beqa, Ono, Vanua Kula).
F: Kadavu: seen, Lonsdale.
P. p. lauana Res Fiji (s Lau Arch: Ongea Levu, Fulanga, Wangave).
P. p. vitiensis Res Fiji (Gau).
P. p. bella Res Fiji (Vatu Vara).
P. p. koroana Res Fiji (Koro).
P. p. torquata Res Fiji (Taveuni).
F: 6 transmitter rd, Sargeant 1992.
P. p. ambigua Res Fiji (Natewa Peninsula of Vanua Levu, Rabi, Kioa).
P. p. optata Res Fiji (Ovalau, e Viti Levu).
F: Viti Levu: common (this subsp?) Joske's Thumb, Lonsdale.
P. p. graeffi Res Fiji (Waia, w Viti Levu).
F: common (this subsp?) Wailoku, Lonsdale; 3 Colo-I-Suva, Sargeant 1992.
P. p. aurantiiventris Res Fiji (Yanganga, Vanua Levu except Natewa Peninsula).
P. p. contempta Res Lord Howe I 2000 inds.
F: seen, Quested, Bielewicz.
P. p. xanthoprocta Res Norfolk I 1000 inds.
F: common Mt Pitt track, Rocky Point, Bot Gardens, Duranti.
P. melanura Black-tailed Whistler
P. m. dahli Res Solomon Is (islets near Buka, Bougainville, and Shortlands, Mayr and Diamond 2001).
F: Hadden (1981) stated that he had no positive data on occurrence of P. melanura in the Solomons, but that birds he had heard in mangroves at Buka "could well be melanura". Doughty et al (1999) note that this species is resident on Buka and small islands off the Bougainville coast as well as one or two coastal locations on Bougainville.
P. jacquinoti (=melanops, DuPont 1975) Tongan Whistler
Res Tonga (Vavau Group: Vavau, Late, Ava, Kapa, Euakafa).
F: can be seen on Vavau in bush on northern coast, Watling 2001.
P. flavifrons Samoan Whistler
Res Samoa (Savaii, Upolu, Nuutele).
F: Upolu: Vaisigano, Lonsdale; Savaii: fairly common, Reed 1979.
P. caledonica New Caledonia Whistler
Res New Caledonia incl Isle of Pines.
F: Grand Terre: 4-12 daily PTRB, 4 Mt Koghi, Fairbank).
P. implicata Mountain Whistler
The two subspecies are quite distinct (Mayr and Diamond 2001).
P. i. implicata Res Solomon Is (Guadalcanal).
P. i. richardsi Res Solomon Is (Bougainville).
P. rufiventris Rufous Whistler
P. r. xanthetraea Res New Caledonia.
F: common, Quested; 1-2 PTRB, 1 Mt Koghi, Fairbank.
Colluricincla tenebrosus Palau Morningbird
Res Palau (Babelduab to Peleliu).
F: common all types of forest, but not mangroves, Engbring 1988; Peleliu: up to 8 daily forest s Wenty's, S. Smith.


Worthy and Holdaway (2002) discuss relationships of Turnagrididae; the preponderance of the evidence suggests similarities to Pachycephalidae.

Turnagra tanagra North Island Piopio
Extinct. Res formerly NZ (NI).
T. capensis South Island Piopio
Extinct. Res formerly NZ (SI).