Aerodramus spodiopygius White-rumped Swiftlet
The separation of echo-locating taxa from Collocalia into Aerodramus was discussed by Christidis and Boles (1994) and followed by Mayr and Diamond (2001) based on DNA studies by Lee et al (1996).
A. s. reichenowi Res Solomon Is incl Buka, Bougainville, except Rennell, Bellona.
F: Solomon Is (Kulambangara: 10 near Kukundu, Richards; Santa Isabel: rare Garanga R, Kratter et al 2001).
A. s. leucopygius Res New Caledonia, Loyalty Is, Solomon Is (Santa Cruz Is: Treasurer's Is, Lomlom, Fenualoa, Santa Cruz), Vanuatu (Malo, Espiritu Santo).
F: New Caledonia (PTRB and Mt Koghi, Quested). Loyalty Is (Lifou: seen, Clarke; common, Gregory; Isle Pines: seen, Gregory).
A. s. assimilis Res Fiji except Lomaiviti, Wallis and Futuna.
F: Fiji (common all areas, Sargeant 1992).
A. s. townsendi Res Tonga except Haapai, Niue.
A. s. spodiopygius Res Samoa (Savaii, Upolu, Tutuila, Manua Is).
F: Samoa (Upolu: Mt Vaea, Vaisigano, Lonsdale; Savaii: abundant, Reed 1980; Tutuila, Lonsdale).
A. vanikorensis Uniform Swiftlet
A. v. lugubris Res Solomon Is.
F: Solomon Is (Guadalcanal: 1 Mt Austen, Richards; Rennell: common, Richards; Santa Isabel: common Garanga R, Kratter et al 2001).
A. v. vanikorensis Res Solomon Is (Santa Cruz Is: Disappointment, Lomlom, Vanikoro), Vanuatu incl Banks Is, New Caledonia.
A. inquietus Caroline Swiftlet
A. i. rukensis Res Caroline Is (Truk, hypo Yap, Pyle and Engbring 1985).
F: Caroline Is (Truk: 20-50 daily over Weno, Tol South, Talbot, S. Smith).
A. i. ponapensis Res Caroline Is (Pohnpei).
F: Caroline Is (Pohnpei: 50-70 daily, Talbot, S. Smith; abundant and widespread, Lonsdale).
A. i. inquietus Res Kosrae.
A. bartschi Mariana Swiftlet
Res Mariana Is (Guam, Saipan, Agiguan, Tinian, extirpated Rota). Int Hawaiian Is (Oahu).
F: Mariana Is (Saipan: markedly incr numbers in 2002 since 1990s, Reg David; 2 over Marpi Forest, Talbot); Hawaiian Is (Oahu: North Halawa Valley, Pratt 1993).
A. pelewensis Palau Swiftlet
Res Palau.
F: Palau (Peleliu: de Vries; abund throughout larger islands, Engbring 1988; up to 80 over Koror and Peleliu, S. Smith).
A. orientalis Mayr's Swiftlet
A. o. orientalis Res Solomon Is (Guadalcanal).
A. o. subsp? Res Solomon Is (Bougainville).
A. leucophaeus Tahiti Swiftlet
This and the next two taxa often treated as conspecific.
Res Society Is (Tahiti, Moorea).
F: Society Is (very rare, Thibault et al 1975).
A. ocistus Marquesas Swiftlet
Res Marquesas Is except Hiva Oa.
F: Marquesas Is (common, Chester et al 1998).
A. sawtelli Atiu Swiftlet
Res Cook Is (Atiu several hundred inds 1973, Holyoak 1980).
F: Cook Is (Atiu; Anatakitaki=Kopeka Cave).
Collocalia esculenta Glossy (White-bellied) Swiftlet
C. e. tametamele Res Solomon Is (Buka this subsp?), Bougainville).
C. e. becki Res Solomon Is except Makira, Rennell, Bellona.
F: Solomon Is (common throughout, Richards; Santa Isabel: this subsp? common Garanga R, Kratter et al 2001).
C. e. makirensis Res Solomon Is (Makira, Ugi, Three Sisters).
F: Solomon Is (common, Richards).
C. e. desiderata Res Solomon Is (Rennell, Bellona).
F: Solomon Is (Rennell: common, Richards).
C. e. uropygialis Res Solomon Is (Santa Cruz Is: Vanikoro, Utupua), Vanuatu incl Banks Is and Torres Is.
C. e. albidior Res New Caledonia, Loyalty Is.
F: New Caledonia (f. common Gr. Terre, Clarke).
Hirundapus caudacutus White-throated Needletail
H. c. caudacutus Vis Oct-Apr Mariana Is, Palau, Caroline Is, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Melanesia (not listed Solomon Is by Mayr and Diamond 2001), Lord Howe I, Norfolk I, NI, SI, Snares Is (Miskelly et al 2001). Acc Fiji (Sep Vatulele, Nov Makogai), Jan-Feb (1-5) Macquarie I (R. Clarke), Campbell I.
Chaetura pelagica Chimney Swift
Acc Galapagos Is.
Chaetura sp? Acc Guadelupe I, Revillagigedo Is.
Apus pacificus Fork-tailed Swift
A. p. pacificus Cas mostly Oct-Apr Mariana Is, Marshall Is (Kwajalein), Lord Howe I, NI, SI. Acc Apr and Sep Midway (Pyle 2002), Jan Norfolk I, Dec Macquarie I, Jan Chatham Is (Pitt, Rangatira).
Aeronautes saxatilis White-throated Swift
A. s. saxatilis Extirpated Guadelupe I.


Hemiprocne mystacea Whiskered Tree-Swift
H. m. woodfordiana Res Solomon Is (incl Rennell, but not Florida, Buena Vista, Savo, Ulawa, Mono, Ramos, Gower, Makira group).
F: Fairly common all islands (Richards).
H. m. carbonaria Res Solomon Is (Makira group).


Sephanoides fernandensis Juan Fernandez Firecrown
S. f. fernandez Res Juan Fernandez Is (Mas Atierra).
S. f. leyboldi Res Juan Fernandez Is (Mas Afuera).
S. sephaniodes Green-backed Firecrown
Res Juan Fernandez Is.
Calypte anna Anna's Hummingbird
Res Guadelupe I.


Alcedo atthis River Kingfisher
A. a. salomonensis Res Solomon Is (Buka, Bougainville, e to Makira and Malaita).
F: Kolombangara: 2 along beach Kukundu, Richards. Makira: 2 between Hauta and coast, Richards. Santa Isabel: common Garanga R, Kratter et al 2001. Singles at shore of most islands, Hornbuckle 1999.
A. a. bengalensis Acc Ogasawara Is (Chichijima).
A. pusilla Mangrove (Little) Kingfisher
A. p. bougainvillei Res Solomon Is (Buka, Bougainville, Shortland Is, Choiseul, Isabel, Florida Is).
F: Santa Isabel: rare Garanga R, Kratter et al 2001.
A. p. richardsi Res c Solomon Is (Vella Lavella to Tetipari).
A. p. aolae Extinct? Res Solomon Is (Guadalcanal).
Ceyx lepidus Dwarf Kingfisher
Fry and Fry (1999) included this taxon in Alcedo "partly out of convenience", noting that it has characters of both genera. Fry and Fry (1999) included pallidus in meeki. Mayr and Diamond (2001) considered meeki (including pallidus) quite distinct.
C. l. pallidus Res Solomon Is (Bougainville, Buka).
C. l. meeki Res Solomon Is (Choiseul, Santa Isabel).
F: Santa Isabel: unc Garanga R, Kratter et al 2001.
C. l. collectoris Res Solomon Is (Vella Lavella, New Georgia Is).
F: Kolombangara: heard, Hornbuckle 1999. Vella Lavella, heard 1999, Hornbuckle 1999.
C. l. malaitae Extinct? Res Solomon Is (Malaita).
C. l. nigromaxilla Res Solomon Is (Guadalcanal).
C. l. gentianus Res Solomon Is (Makira).
F: Makira: 2 between Hauta and coast, Richards 1996.


Distinctness of this family from Alcedinidae was discussed by Christidis and Boles (1994). Fry and Fry (1999) included "Pacific flatbills" Todiramphus in Halcyon, a course followed by Pratt et al (1987) and Mayr and Diamond (2001). However Christidis and Boles (1994) considered Australasian species sometimes placed in Halcyon (see H. tuta below) to be distinct at the generic level from African and Asian members of the genus, based on a broad range of evidence.

Dacelo novaeguineae Laughing Kookaburra
D. n. novaeguineae Int (some self-int?) NZ (NI).
F: Kawau I, jct Matakana and Andeson Rds, Weranui Rd, Wenderholm Park.
Halcyon leucopygia Ultramarine Kingfisher
This and the next two species are included in the superspecies H. diops by Mayr and Diamond (2001).
Res Solomon Is (Buka, Bougainville, Fauro, Choiseul, Isabel, Florida, Buena Vista, Guadalcanal, Fara, Fatuna).
F: Guadalcanal: 2 Mt Austen, 2 track Tenaroo Falls, Richards. Santa Isabel: common Garanga R, Kratter et al 2001.
H. farquhari Chestnut-bellied Kingfisher
Res Vanuatu (Espiritu Santo, Malo, Malekula).
H. macleayii Forest Kingfisher
H. m. subsp.? Acc Solomon Is (Kolombangara, Doughty et al 1999), Oct Norfolk I.
H. saurophaga Beach Kingfisher
Mayr and Diamond (2001) suggest that this species and H. chloris arose in different geographic areas of Northern Melanesia and have not yet become sympatric, although there may be some introgression in the northern Bismarcks.
H. s. saurophaga Res Solomon Is e to Makira and Santa Ana.
F: Ghizo: 1 at Olasana Island, Richards 1996; 5 Pailonnge, 1 Gizo airport, Hornbuckle 1999). Kolombangara: 2, Hornbuckle 1999.
H. chloris White-collared Kingfisher
Species limits between this species, H. sancta, and H. tuta are unsettled. Mayr and Diamond (2001) note that H. sancta and H. chloris are closely related and "seem to have spread in several waves". H. sancta is generally smaller, and occupies more open habitats and smaller perches than H. chloris where they occur together in Northern Melanesia (Mayr and Diamond 2001). Pratt et al (1987) assigned the rusty-bellied taxa of Fiji and Futuna (vitiensis, eximia, and regina) to H. sancta (contra Mayr and Diamond 2001), based on their resemblance to New Caledonia birds and vocalizations, and the eastern Fijian, Tongan, and Samoan taxa marina, sacra, manuae and pealei to H. tuta, based on generally smaller size than other chloris taxa, and their resemblance in plumage and vocalizations to H. tuta. Fry and Fry (1999), while indicating that the assignments of Pratt et al (1987) may be correct, retained these groups of taxa in H. chloris.
H. c. teraokai Res Palau.
F: Seen, de Vries; common all main islands, not in deep forest, Engbring 1988; 10-15 daily, Talbot; Peleliu: 15 seen, S. Smith.
H. c. owstoni Res Mariana Is (Ascuncion, Agrigan, Pagan, Almagen).
H. c. albicilla Res Mariana Is (Saipan, Tinian).
F: Saipan: up to 6 Marpi Forest, S. Smith.
H. c. orii Res Mariana Is (Rota).
F: Rota: 15 seen daily, S. Smith.
H. c. alberti This taxon and the next two are very similar (Mayr and Diamond 2001).
Res Solomon Is (except Pavuvu, Malaita, Makira, Ugi, Santa Ana, Rennell).
F: common, Richards; Santa Isabel: common Garanga R, Kratter et al 2001.
H. c. mala Res Solomon Is (Malaita).
H. c. pavuvu Res Solomon Is (Pavuvu, Banika).
H. c. solomonis This subspecies and the next two are a group closely-related to Vanuatu birds; amoena is most distinctive (Mayr and Diamond 2001).
Res Solomon Is (Ugi, Makira, Santa Ana, Santa Catalina).
H. c. sororum Res Solomon Is (Olu Malau Is: Malaupaina, Malaulaulo).
H. c. amoena Res Solomon Is (Rennell, Bellona).
F: common, Richards.
H. c. brachyura Res Solomon Is (Reef Is: Fenualoa, Lomlom).
H. c. vicina Res Solomon Is (Duff Is).
H. c. ornata Res Solomon Is (Santa Cruz Is, Tinakula).
H. c. utupuae Res Solomon Is (Utupua).
H. c. melanodera Res Solomon Is (Vanikoro).
H. c. torresiana Res Vanuatu (Torres Is: Hiu, Lo, Toga).
H. c. santoensis Res Vanuatu (Espiritu Santo to Banks Is, Malo).
H. c. erromangae Res Vanuatu (Erromango, Aneityum).
H. c. tannensis Res Vanuatu (Tanna).
H. c. juliae Res Vanuatu (from Maewo, Ambae, and Aoba s to Efate).
H. cinnamominus Micronesian Kingfisher
This species is a member of the H. chloris group (Pratt et al 1987).
H. c. pelewensis Res Palau.
F: denser forests, Baker; common to unc Babelduab, Peleliu, and high limestone islands in between; deep forests, Engbring 1988; 2 in trees wooded rock, Koror, Talbot.
H. c. reichenbachii Res Caroline Is (Pohnpei).
F: seen each day, Lonsdale; 4 seen, S. Smith; 4 on telegraph wires Kolonia to fern forest, Talbot.
H. c. cinnamominus Res Mariana Is (Guam).
H. tuta Pacific (Chattering) Kingfisher
This species and the next five belong to the H. chloris group (Pratt et al 1987); they were considered to constitute the Todiramphus allospecies group by Mayr and Diamond (2001), a more limited position than that taken by Christidis and Boles (1994). Holyoak (1980) mentions a kingfisher of unknown affinities on Rarotonga until about 1940; it seems likely on geographic grounds to have been part of the H. tuta group.
H. t. tuta Res Society Is (Bora Bora, Maupiti, Raiatea, Huahine, Tahaa, Tupai, Tahiti).
F: rare on Tahiti, Thibault et al 1975.
H. t. atiu Res Cook Is (Atiu).
H. t. mauke Res Cook Is (Mauke).
H. t. marina Res Fiji (Lau Arch.).
H. t. sacra Res Tonga (s islands n to Haapai Grp).
H. t. pealei Res Samoa (Tutuila).
F: seen off Fagasa Rd, Lonsdale.
H. t. manuae Res Samoa (Manua Is).
H. veneratus Tahiti Kingfisher
H. v. veneratus Res Society Is (Tahiti).
H. v. youngi Res Society Is (Moorea).
H. ruficollaris Mangaia Kingfisher
Treated as a subspecies of H. tuta by Fry and Fry (1999), who noted that it could as easily be included in H. sanctus.
Res Cook Is (Mangaia).
F: fairly common 1973, Holyoak 1980.
H. gambieri Gambier Kingfisher
Fry and Fry (1999), while noting the isolation of this taxon from similar taxa, tentatively included it in H. tuta because of its resemblance to the latter. DuPont (1975) considered this a "doubtful species", questioning the Mangareva type locality and speculating that the single known specimen may have come from Micronesia.
Extinct. Res formerly Gambier Is (Mangareva).
H. gertrudae Niau Kingfisher
Although sometimes treated with gambieri as subspecies of "Tuamotu Kingfisher", the two are separated by 1250 km with no evidence that kingfishers occurred on the scores of intervening islands (Fry and Fry 1999).
Res Tuamotu Is (Niau).
H. godeffroyi Marquesas Kingfisher
Res Marquesas Is (Hiva Oa, Tahuata, Fatu Hiva, poss extirpated Hiva Oa, Fatu Hiva).
F: Tahuata: in forests, Chester et al 1998.
H. sancta Sacred Kingfisher
Fry and Fry (1999) included H. recurvirostris in H. sancta, but it is rather distinct. Subspecies norfolkiensis and adamsi are often included in vagans; while adamsi is indeed rather similar to vagans, norfolkiensis, along with birds from Kermadec Is, is rather dissimilar (HANZAB).
H. s. sancta Res Solomon Is (Guadalcanal, Makira grp, other islands, Mayr and Diamond 2001). Mostly vis Apr-Sep Solomon Is from Australia (HANZAB). Vagrant (this subsp?) Marshall Is (Pyle and Engbring 1985). Hypo Palau, Caroline Is (Yap, Pyle and Engbring 1985).
F: Solomon Is (Santa Isabel: unc migrant Jul Garanga R, Kratter et al 2001. Widespread, Hornbuckle 1999).
H. s. vagans Res Kermadec Is, NZ (NI, SI, Stewart I). Acc Jun Chatham Is (Rangatira).
H. s. norfolkiensis Res Norfolk I.
F: seen, Hermes et al; common throughout, Duranti.
H. s. adamsi Res Lord Howe I.
F: common, Quested.
H. s. canacorum Res New Caledonia incl Isle of Pines.
F: common, Quested 1998.
H. s. macmillani Res New Caledonia (Loyalty Is).
F: common, Quested 1998.
H. s. vitiensis Res Fiji (Viti Levu, Vanua Levu, Taveuni, Lomaiviti Group: Koro, Ovalau, Ngau).
F: common, Myers 1996.
H. s. eximia Res Fiji (Kadavu, Ono, Vanua Kula).
F: quite common, Myers.
H. s. regina Res Wallis and Futuna (Futuna).
H. recurvirostris Flat-billed Kingfisher
Sometimes considered conspecific with H. sancta, but the rusty-bellied taxa found in Fiji (vitiensis, eximia, and regina) are much more similar to H. sancta than is H. recurvirostris (Pratt et al 1987).
Res Samoa (Savaii, Upolu).
F: Upolu: Vaisigano, Lonsdale 1996; Savaii: common, Reed 1979.
Actenoides bougainvillei Moustached Kingfisher
Retained in Halcyon by Mayr and Diamond (2001).
A. b. bougainevillei Res Solomon Is (Bougainville).
F: not seen for 50 years (Hadden 1981), but poss heard near Arawa 1986, Wheatley 1998.
A. b. excelsus Res Solomon Is (Guadalcanal).
F: Turipava area above Ando, Wheatley 1998; seen 1325m central highlands 1994, Gibbs.
Ceryle alcyon Belted Kingfisher
Vis Oct-Mar Guadelupe I, Revillagigedo Is, Clipperton I, Galapagos Is. Cas Hawaiian Is (Hawaii, Maui).


Merops ornatus Rainbow Bee-eater
Vis Mar-Oct Palau. Acc Mariana Is (Saipan), Lord Howe I. Mayr and Diamond (2001) cite recs only for Nissan, none for other Solomon Is.


Eurystomus orientalis Eastern Broad-billed Roller (Dollarbird)
E. o. calonyx Acc Iwo Is (Iwojima, Brazil 1991).
E. o. solomonensis Res Solomon Is incl Buka, Bougainville.
F: Guadalcanal: 1 Mt Austen, Richards; Kolombangara: 1 below Camp Professor, Richards; Makira: several betw Hauta and coast, Richards; Santa Isabel: unc Garanga R, Kratter et al 2001.
E. o. pacificus Vis Dec-May Palau, Caroline Is (Yap, acc Pohnpei, Mayr 1945, Pratt et al 1987), Lord Howe I, NZ (NI, SI).


Upupa epops Hoopoe
U. e. saturata Acc Ogasawara Is (Hahajima).


Aceros plicatus Blyth's Hornbill
Some authors retain Rhyticeros as the generic name.
A. c. harterti Res Solomon Is (Buka, Bougainville, Shortland Is).
A. c. mendanae Res Solomon Is (Choiseul, Isabel, Malaita, Guadalcanal, New Georgia group, Mayr and Diamond 2001).
F: Guadalcanal: 1 Mt Austen, Richards; 6 Mt Austen, Hornbuckle; Santa Isabel: common Garanga R, Kratter et al 2001; seen, Hornbuckle; Kolombangara: seen, Hornbuckle.


Sphyrapicus varius Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Acc Revillagigedo Is (Socorro).
Colaptes auratus Northern Flicker
C. a. cafer Res (extirp?) Guadalupe I.